Geography

The splendid Bura terra cotta pieces originate from what is now Burkina Faso, the name Bura coming from the burial ground where the first archaeological pieces were found. Asinda and Sikka are two more precise locations, inside this larger excavation area.

Burkina, or Burkina Faso in its long form, was formerly called the Upper Volta. It is a landlocked country in West Africa whose name in French means "country of the just men". The country is inhabited by the Burkinabé, a word which designates the inhabitant, male or female, in the Foulfouldé language spoken by the Peuls, a population of nomadic stock breeders throughout West Africa.

Burkina Faso shares a border with six countries: Mali in north, Niger in the east, the Benin in south-east, Togo and Ghana in the south and the Ivory Coast in south-west. A former French colony, Upper Volta obtained independence in 1960.

Burkina Faso has two types of landscapes. A large part of the country is covered by a vast plain. It is a very slightly undulating with a few isolated hills, the vestiges of a Precambrian land mass. The south-western part of the country is a more sandy. It is here that the country reaches its highest point at Mt. Tenakourou (749 m). The land is delimited by very steep cliffs sometimes reaching 150 meters in height. The country's average height above sea level is 400 meters and the differential between the highest and lowest points is less than 600 meters. Burkina is thus a rather flat country, with some localized rolling hills.

The term Bura refers to a group of archeological sites in the Niger River valley. This valley crosses the west of the Republic of Niger for 450 km, with a 250 km long and 150 km wide watershed in Burkina which lies between it and the border with Mali.

The Bura necropolis is a large circle, approximately a kilometer in diameter, protected by 10 to 20 meter hills. It was discovered by chance in 1975 about 150 kilometers north-west of Niamey. The excavation site measures 25 m in length and 20 m in width.

This site is similar to that of the Interior Delta of the Niger in Mali where Djenné-Djeno is to be found, with a thematic resemblance between the two in equestrian and anthropomorphic representations.